News at Tipitaka Network
17th monk congress in Phnom Penh
Compiled by Tipitaka Network newsdesk, Sunday, December 21, 2008
A rapidly expanding and largely unregulated Buddhist clergy is giving the Kingdom's religion a bad name, officials say, forcing elders to address embarrassing crimes at the opening Wednesday of the 17th annual monk congress in Phnom Penh.
Men of the orange cloth have been caught robbing, raping and murdering in unconnected incidents across the country. Most recently, a 17-year-old monk made international headlines in November after he was accused of raping a British tourist in Battambang.
The crimes are leading religious leaders to demand more scrutiny of monks and their conduct.
"Buddhism teaches monks to obey, but individuals still violate the principles of religion," said Nguon Nget, the chief monk in Cambodia.
He said he did not know how many cases had occurred this year but said that "offenses have happened throughout the country".
"Monks are accused of having mistresses," he said, adding that offenders would not be pardoned. "They must be defrocked."
Meas Nhel, deputy director of the Phnom Penh Department of Cults and Religions, blamed the offenses on "fake monks".
He said at least 11 criminal cases in 2008 involved fraudulent monks, including one case of murder, two cases of sexual abuse and eight cases of illegal fundraising.
"Many fake monks are seen to take Buddhism as a means to find money," he said. "Real Buddhist monks do not misbehave."
Meas Nhel said that some monks caught misbehaving had simply relocated from the provinces to Phnom Penh.
"To avoid such problems, we will ask each pagoda to inform an authority when there is a monk coming to stay in a pagoda," he said.
Min Khin, Minister of Cults and Religions, told reporters after the opening of the congress that the exponential increase in the number of monks was making regulation difficult and could lead to occasional instances of misconduct.
In 1979, at the end of the Khmer Rouge regime which outlawed religion and killed some 1.7 million people, there were only seven Buddhist monks in Cambodia. Now, there are 55,583 in 4,307 pagodas across the country, he said.
He said there have been widespread reports of misdeeds, and while he agreed that "a monk is also a human who cannot avoid [committing offenses]", he emphasised that real monks are rarely involved in such incidents.
"Only some pretending to be monks" had committed wrongdoings, he said.
On Thursday, Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen said, "the Buddhist monks have to respect the rule of Buddha and they should not make the religion decline."
"If monks causing social problems, it is very difficult for me," Hun Sen said in a speech during closing ceremonies for the country's annual Buddhist monk congress.
He said he had been shocked when he saw Buddhist monks dancing in a recording on one of his children's mobile phones, and mentioned an unidentified temple where the chief monk had collected money from ceremonies to buy himself a car.
However, he said this did not reflect on the overall spiritual health of the nation.
"These are individual monks making problems. Citizens should not consider it an issue of the whole religion, but equally, we must not be careless over the issue," Hun Sen said.
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Buddha sāsana.m cira.m ti.t.thatu.