Elementary Paa.li Course
Selections for Translation
Buddheniyaa Vatthu: Story of Buddheni
Kira - An Indeclinable used in reference
to a report by hearing. It seems, is said.
Nihita - pp. of ni + dhaa, bear. Deposited, laid aside, set
Kaalamaka.msu - Kaala.m + aka.msu - died. Sing.
Saapateyya.m - property, wealth, provisions.
Va.n.na-pokkharataaya - beauty of complexion.
Devaccharaa - celestial nymph.
Ratana + ttaya + maamikaa - devoted to the Triple Gem.
Paadaparikatta.m - state of wife.
Vibhava.m - wealth.
Pati + kulena - husband's clan.
Kevala.m - only.
Tato pa.t.thaaya - from that time, thence forth.
Nivaasa.m ga.nhi - took shelter.
Potaka.m - colt.
Pa.tijaggaahi - nourish, tend, look after.
Pu~n~na + kara.nassa - Dat. to one who is doing merit.
Vidhametvaa - having vanquished, having defeated.
Yannuunaaha.m - How, if I.
Maalake - in the enclosure, yard.
Ugghosesi - shouted.
Ma.m + anuggaha - have compassion on me.
So.n.na + maalaahi - with garlands of gold.
Nabhasaa - through the sky.
Mahi.msu - revered.
Tato + ppabhuti - from that time.
Nagara + upavane - in the wood near the city.
Nibandha.m - frequently.
Devassa + anuruupa.m - suitable to the Deva (King).
Bhane - a term of address used by superiors to subordinates.
Niliinaa - hidden.
Gahana + sajjaa - ready to seize.
Nivatti - stopped.
Pa.nhiyaa - with the heel.
Sa~n~na.m + datvaa - giving a sign.
Vega.m janetvaa - accelerating the speed.
Aakaasa.m ulla`nghi - rose to the sky.
Sandhaaretu.m - to bear.
Parigalitvaa - having glided off, slipped.
Tiracchaanagataa - animals.
Mantvaana - considering, thinking.
Sutta-ppabuddho - risen from sleep.
Maatugaamaa - women.
Paaniiyadinnassa Vatthu: Story of the Giver of Water
Janapada - country
Nadii + tiira.m - river bank.
Gabbhinii + itthii - pregnant woman.
Kammaja-vaataa - pains of childbirth.
Vijaayitu.m-asakkontii - unable to give birth.
Pipaasitaa + amhi - I am thirsty.
Karu.naayanto - pitying.
Laddhaa + assaasaa - having obtained consolation.
Katipaya - few
Pa.ticca - on account of.
Aahi.n.danto - wandering.
Sandhi.m chinditvaa - making a break - broke into the house.
Pacchaabaaha.m - hands on the back.
Gaa.lha.m bandhitvaa - binding tightly.
Aagantuko - guest, foreigner, visitor.
Aanaapesi - ordered.
Aaghaata.t.thaana.m - place of execution.
Sa~njaanitvaa - recognising.
Hadaya - heart.
Muhuttena - in a moment.
Asaddhahanto - not believing.
Tassa-aggha.naka.m - its value.
Daana.m: A Pauper's Charity
Duggato - poor man.
Bhatiyaa - by wages.
Tu.t.tha-ha.t.the - pleased and delighted.
Pamudite - rejoiced.
Dakkhi.neyyaa - worthy of gifts.
Jinorasaa - the Sons of the Buddha.
Aava.t.thito - settled.
Sa.msaaro - Existence.
Khalu - indeclinable, indeed.
Kalyaa.na-vimukka - opposed to good.
Kasirena - with difficulty.
Kapa.no - poor.
Diino - miserable.
Anaa.lhiyo - destitute.
Saadhu + sammate - regarded as good.
Ma.n.dapa.m - hall.
Aayaasena - with trouble.
Paayaasa.m - milk porridge.
Sumanaadeviyaa Vatthu: Story of Sumanaadevi
Devasika.m - adv. daily.
Daanagga.m - alms-hall.
Vutte - loc. of vutta, from vada, to speak. When said, on being
Garahanti - from 'garaha' to condemn, despise.
Ruci.m - taste, desire, likes.
Anucchavkha-kiccaani - anu + chavi - ka = according to one's
skin, i.e., befitting, proper, suitable. Kiccaani, deeds,
Ativiya - adj. thoroughly.
Jaananti - know, from ~naa, to know, Jaana is substituted for ~naa.
Tesu vicaarentesu - loc. absolute. When they inquire.
Cittaruupa.m - lit. according to the mind, i.e., as they liked or
according to one's heart's content.
Parivisitu.m - from pari + visa - to feed.
Upadhaarenti - nom. feminine singular present participle of
upa + dhara, to hold, take up. Reflecting.
.Thapesi - Aorist causal of .thaa, to stand. Placed.
Veyyaavacca.m karonti - perform duties, render service.
Sotaapannaa - sota, stream; aapanna, entered.
Stream-Winner, the first stage of Sainthood.
Patikula.m - husband's family.
Sakadaagaamiphala.m - Fruit of Ones - Returner, the
second stage of Sainthood.
Tathaaruupena aphaasukhena - some such illness.
Aatura - ill.
Aahaaruupaccheda.m - lit. food - cutting, i.e., starving.
Pakkosaapesi - Aorist causal of pa + kusa = caused to be
Vippalapasi - from vi + pa + lapa, to speak. Speak confusedly,
Kaalamakaasi - lit. did the time i.e., died.
Uppannasoka.m - arisen grief. Uppanna is the p.p. of u + pada, to
Adhivaasetu.m - inf. of adhi + vasa = to bear.
Asakkonto - pres. participle of sakha, to bear. Being unable.
Sariirakicca.m - lit. bodily duties, i.e. funeral ceremonies,
Kaaretvaa - Causal past participle of karu, to do.
Rodanto - pres. part. of ruda, to lament, wail.
Assumukho - assu, tears; mukha, face = tearful face.
Kaalakataa - lit. time done i.e., dead.
Eka.msika.m - adv. certain.
Hirottappasampannaa - hiri = shame, modesty; ottappa = fear;
sampannaa = endowed with.
Paccupa.t.thaapetu.m - inf. of pati + upa + .thaa, to
Mataa - p.p. of mara, to die.
Kathita.m - p.p. of katha, to speak; said, uttered, spoken.
Mahallikattaa - abstract noun. Being old.
Nibbattaa - p.p. of ni + vatu, born.
Pecca - Ind. p.p. of pa + i, to go. Having gone.
Katapu~n~no - the doer of good.
Gataa - p.p. of gamu = gone.
Verena - by anger.
Sammanti - are pacified - samu.
Sanantano - ancient law - Sana.m + suffix tana.
Agaara.m - house.
Du + channa.m - ill-thatched.
Vu.t.thi - rain.
Samativijjhati - penetrates through - sa.m + ati + vijjha.
Pecca - hereafter.
Kamma - kili.t.tha - defiled actions.
Modati - rejoices - muda.
Visuddhi.m - purity.
Tappati - is tormented - tapa.
Miiyanti - die - mii.
Maghavss - a name given to Sakka,
the king of the devas.
Pasa.msanti - praise - pasa.msa.
Garahito - is denounced, blamed - garaha + ta.
Adhisessati - will lie - adhi + si.
Chuddho - thrown away.
Apeta - vi~n~naa.no - bereft of consciousness.
Ni + attha.m - useless.
Ka.lingara.m - charred log.
Bhamaro - bee.
Ahe.thaya.m - without injuring.
Paleti - flies - pala.
Vilomaani - defects.
Avekkheyya - should reflect - ava + ikkha
Kayiraa - would make - kara.
Maalaagu.ne - different garlands.
Maccena - by man.
Ma~n~nati - thinks - mana.
Selo - rock.
Eka-ghano - one-solid.
Vaatena - by wind.
Samiirati - is shaken - sa.m + ira.
Samiddhi.m - prosperity.
Sa - so, he.
Sa.ngaame - in the battle field.
Jeyya - would conquer - jii.
Tasanti - tremble - tasa.
Ha.neyya - should kill - ha.na.
Ghaataye - should cause to kill - ha.na.