Pali Day by Day

Pali Primer Exercise 20

Translate into English

1. Bhuupaalo raajiniyaa saddhi.m naavaaya nadi.m taranto udake carante macche olokento amaccehi saddhi.m katheti.
king / with queen / by boat / river / crossing / in water / moving / fish / looking (at) / with ministers / speaks
Crossing the river by boat with (his) queen, the king looking at the fish swimming in the water speaks with (his) ministers.

2. Paaniya.m pivitvaa daarikaaya bhuumiya.m nikkhitto patto bhinno hoti.
water / having drunk / by girl / on ground / placed / bowl / broken / is
The bowl placed on the ground by the girl after drinking water is broken.

3. Kassakaana.m gaaviyo a.taviya.m aahi.n.ditvaa khetta.m aagami.msu.
farmers' / cows / in forest / having roamed / [to] field / came
The farmers' cows roamed in the forest and came to the field.

4. Rattiyaa samuddasmi.m patitaa candassa rasmiyo oloketvaa taru.niyo modi.msu.
at night / on sea / fallen / moon's / rays / having seen / young women / were happy
The young women, having seen the moonlight falling on the sea at night, were happy.

5. Upaasakaa iddhiyaa aakaase gacchanta.m taapasa.m disvaa pasannaa honti.
lay devotees / by psychic power / through sky / going / ascetic / having seen / pleased (with) / are
The lay devotees are pleased seeing the ascetic going through the sky by psychic power.

6. Bhaginiyaa saddhi.m pokkhara.niyaa tiire (bank) .thatvaa so padumaani ocinitu.m vaayami.
with sister / pond's / on bank / having stood / he / lotuses / to pick / tried
Having stood on the bank of the pond with (his) sister, he tried to pick lotuses.

7. Naariyo vaapiisu nahaayitu.m vaa (or) vatthaani dhovitu.m vaa na icchi.msu.
women / at tanks / to bathe or / clothes / to wash or / did not wish
The women did not wish to bathe or wash clothes at the tanks.

8. Yuvatiyaa pu.t.tha.m pa˝ha.m vyaakaatu.m asakkonto aha.m taaya (with her) saddhi.m sallapitu.m aarabhi.m.
by maiden / asked / question / to explain / unable / I / with her / to engage in conversation / began
Unable to explain the question asked by the maiden, I began to talk with her.

9. Asappurisassa puttena kata.m paapakamma.m pa.ticchaadetu.m ammaa na ussahi.
wicked man's / by son / done / evil deed / to conceal / mother / did not try
Mother did not try to conceal the evil deed done by the wicked man's son.
[ The following is provided in the Key to Pali Primer. ]
Mother did not try to conceal the evil deed done by (her) wicked son.

10. Bhaginiyaa dussena ve.thetvaa ma˝casmi.m .thapita.m bha.n.da.m itthii ma˝juusaaya.m pakkhipi.
by sister / in cloth / having wrapped / on bed / kept / goods / woman / in box / placed
The woman placed in the box the goods wrapped in cloth and kept on the bed by (her) sister.

11. Maa tumhe magge sayanta.m kukkura.m vihe.thetha.
do not / you / on road / sleeping / dog / harass
(You) Do not harass the dog sleeping on the road.

12. Sappuriso amacco dhana.m vissajjetvaa yaacakaana.m vasitu.m saalaayo gaamesu karitvaa bhuupaala.m aarocesi.
virtuous man / minister / money / having spent / for beggars / to live / halls / in villages / having built / king / informed
The virtuous minister spent money and built halls in the villages for beggars to live, and informed the king.

13. Kumaaro suva.m hatthamhaa mu˝citvaa ta.m u.d.denta.m passamaano rodanto rukkhamuule a.t.thaasi.
boy / parrot / from hand / having released / it / flying / seeing / crying / under tree / stood
Having released the parrot from (his) hand, the boy seeing it flying stood under the tree crying.

14. Saddhaaya daana.m dadamaanaa kusala.m karontaa sappurisaa puna (again) manussaloke uppajjitu.m patthenti.
with faith / alms / giving / meritorious deeds / doing / good men / again / human world / to be born / aspire
Giving alms with faith and doing meritorious deeds, the good men aspire to be born in the human world again.

15. Kumaaro ma˝juusa.m vivaritvaa saa.taka.m niiharitvaa ammaaya pesesi.
boy / box / having opened / garment / having taken out / to mother / sent
The boy opened the box, took out the garment and sent (it) to (his) mother.

Translate into Pali

1. There are lotuses and fishes in ponds in the king's park.
santi / padumaani ca / macchaa ca / pokkhara.niisu / bhuupaalassa / uyyaane
Bhuupaalassa uyyaane pokkhara.niisu padumaani ca macchaa ca santi.

2. The young women picked lotuses from the tank and kept them on the ground.
taru.niyo / ocinitvaa / padumaani / vaapiyaa / .thapesu.m / bhuumiya.m
Taru.niyo vaapiyaa padumaani ocinitvaa bhuumiya.m .thapesu.m.

3. The queen spoke with her sisters who came having crossed the river by boat.
raajinii / kathesi / bhaginiihi saha / aagataahi / taritvaa / nadi.m / do.niyaa
Do.niyaa nadi.m taritvaa aagataahi bhaginiihi saha raajinii kathesi.

4. I saw the dog chasing the cow in the field.
aha.m / passi.m / kukkura.m / anubandhanta.m / gaavi.m / khettasmi.m
Aha.m khettasmi.m gaavi.m anubandhanta.m kukkura.m passi.m

5. Women and girls did not climb trees to pick fruits and flowers.
naariyo ca / kumaariyo ca / na aaruhi.msu / rukkhe / ocinitu.m / phalaani ca / pupphaani ca
Naariyo ca kumaariyo ca phalaani ca pupphaani ca ocinitu.m rukkhe na aaruhi.msu.

6. You (pl.) went to the river to bathe and got frightened hearing the peal of thunder (asanisadda.m).
tumhe / gantvaa / nadi.m / nahaayitu.m / bhaayittha / sutvaa / asanisadda.m
Nahaayitu.m nadi.m gantvaa tumhe asanisadda.m sutvaa bhaayittha.

7. You (pl.) do not conceal the evil committed with your friends.
tumhe / maa / pa.ticcaadetha / paapa.m / kata.m / mittehi saha
Maa tumhe mittehi saha kata.m paapa.m pa.ticcaadetha.

8. If you spent money to buy clothes, inform your mother.
sace / tva.m / vissajjeyyaasi / muula.m / ki.nitu.m / vatthaani / aarocehi / amma.m
Sace tva.m vatthaani ki.nitu.m muula.m vissajjeyyaasi, amma.m aarocehi.

9. Send the lotuses wrapped in lotus leaves to the young girls seated in the hall.
pesehi / padumaani / ve.thitaani / paduma-pa.n.nehi / taru.niina.m / nisinnaana.m / saalaaya.m
Saalaaya.m nisinnaana.m taru.niina.m paduma-pa.n.nehi ve.thitaani padumaani pesehi.

10. We can explain the questions asked by the women in the assembly.
maya.m / sakkoma / vyaakaatu.m / pa˝he / pu.t.the / vanitaahi / sabhaaya.m
Sabhaaya.m vanitaahi pu.t.the pa˝he maya.m vyaakaatu.m sakkoma.

Series A

+ Lesson 1
+ Lesson 2
+ Lesson 3
+ Lesson 4
+ Lesson 5
+ Lesson 6
+ Lesson 7
+ Lesson 8
+ Lesson 9
+ Lesson 10
+ Lesson 11
+ Lesson 12
+ Lesson 13
+ Lesson 14
+ Lesson 15
+ Lesson 16
+ Lesson 17
+ Lesson 18
+ Lesson 19
+ Lesson 20
+ Lesson 21
+ Lesson 22
+ Lesson 23
+ Lesson 24
+ Lesson 25
+ Lesson 26
+ Lesson 27
+ Lesson 28
+ Lesson 29
+ Lesson 30
+ Lesson 31
+ Lesson 32

Series B

+ Lesson 1
+ Lesson 2
+ Lesson 3
+ Lesson 4
+ Lesson 5
+ Lesson 6
+ Lesson 7
+ Lesson 8
+ Lesson 9
+ Lesson 10
+ Lesson 11
+ Lesson 12

Series C

+ Lesson 1
+ Lesson 2
+ Lesson 3
+ Lesson 4
+ Lesson 5
+ Lesson 6
+ Lesson 7
+ Lesson 8
+ Lesson 9
+ Lesson 10
+ Lesson 11
+ Lesson 12
+ Lesson 13
+ Lesson 14
+ Lesson 15
+ Lesson 16
+ Lesson 17
+ Lesson 18
+ Lesson 19
+ Lesson 20
+ Lesson 21
+ Lesson 22
+ Lesson 23
+ Lesson 24
+ Lesson 25
+ Lesson 26
+ Lesson 27
+ Lesson 28
+ Lesson 29
+ Lesson 30

Series D

+ Lesson 1
+ Lesson 2
+ Lesson 3
+ Lesson 4
+ Lesson 5
+ Lesson 6
+ Lesson 7
+ Lesson 8
+ Lesson 9
+ Lesson 10
+ Lesson 11
+ Lesson 12
+ Lesson 13
+ Lesson 14
+ Lesson 15
+ Lesson 16
+ Lesson 17
+ Lesson 18
+ Lesson 19
+ Lesson 20
+ Lesson 21
+ Lesson 22
+ Lesson 23
+ Lesson 24
+ Lesson 25
+ Lesson 26
+ Buddheniya Vatthu
+ Paniyadinnass Vatthu
+ Duggatassa Danam
+ Sumanadeviya Vatthu
+ Selections from Dhammapada [more]

Series E

+ Exercise 1
+ Exercise 2
+ Exercise 3
+ Exercise 4
+ Exercise 5
+ Exercise 6
+ Exercise 7
+ Exercise 8
+ Exercise 9
+ Exercise 10
+ Exercise 11
+ Exercise 12
+ Exercise 13
+ Exercise 14
+ Exercise 15
+ Exercise 16
+ Exercise 17
+ Exercise 18
+ Exercise 19
+ Exercise 20
+ Exercise 21
+ Exercise 22
+ Exercise 23
+ Exercise 24
+ Exercise 25
+ Exercise 26
+ Exercise 27
+ Exercise 28

Series F

+ Exercise 1
+ Exercise 2
+ Exercise 3
+ Exercise 4
+ Exercise 5
+ Exercise 6
+ Exercise 7
+ Exercise 8
+ Exercise 9
+ Exercise 10
+ Exercise 11
+ Exercise 12
+ Exercise 13
+ Exercise 14
+ Exercise 15
+ Exercise 16
+ Exercise 17
+ Exercise 18
+ Exercise 19
+ Exercise 20
+ Exercise 21
+ Exercise 22