Dhammapada Verse 6
Pare ca na vijananti1
ye ca tattha vijananti3
tato sammanti medhaga.
Verse 6: People, other than the wise, do not realize, "We in this world
must all die," (and, not realizing it, continue their quarrels). The wise
realize it and thereby their quarrels cease.
1. Pare ca na vijananti: 'Pare' means 'others'; in this
context, people other than the wise. These people do not realize that they must
die, and behave as if they were never going to die and keep on quarrelling.
Therefore, they are sometimes referred to as the ignorant or the foolish, or
those who are not worthy of love and respect.
2. mayamettha yamamase: lit., "We here must
die," meaning we, of this world, must die; or all men are mortal.
3. ye ca tattha vijananti: in the case of those who
understand, meaning the wise. The wise understand (or realize) that all men are
The Story of Kosambi Bhikkhus
While residing at the Jetavana monastery in Savatthi, the Buddha uttered
Verse (6) of this book, with reference to the bhikkhus of Kosambi.
The bhikkhus of Kosambi had formed into two groups. One group followed the
master of Vinaya and the other followed the teacher of the Dhamma and they were
often quarrelling among themselves. Even the Buddha could not stop them from
quarrelling; so he left them and spent the vassa, residence period of the rains,
all alone in Rakkhita Grove near Palileyyaka forest. There, the elephant
Palileyya waited upon the Buddha.
The lay disciples of Kosambi, on learning the reason for the departure of the
Buddha, refused to make offerings to the remaining bhikkhus. This made them
realize their mistake and reconciliation took place among themselves. Still, the
lay disciples would not treat them as respectfully as before, until they owned
up their fault to the Buddha. But the Buddha was away and it was in the middle
of the vassa; so the bhikkhus of Kosambi spent the vassa in misery and hardship.
At the end of the vassa, the Venerable Ananda and five hundred bhikkhus
approached the Buddha and gave the message from Annathapindika and other lay
disciples imploring him to return. In due course the Buddha returned to the
Jetavana monastery in Savatthi. The bhikkhus followed him there, fell down at
his feet, and owned up their fault. The Buddha rebuked them for disobeying him.
He told them to remember that they must all die some day and therefore, they
must stop their quarrels and must not act as if they would never die.
Then the Buddha spoke in verse as follows:
|Verse 6: People, other than the wise, do not realize, "We in
this world must all die," (and, not realizing it, continue their
quarrels). The wise realize it and thereby their quarrels cease.
At the end of the discourse, all the assembled bhikkhus were established in