Dhammapada Verse 2
manasa ce pasannena
bhasati va karoti va
tato nam sukha1 manveti
Verse 2: All mental phenomena have mind as their forerunner; they
have mind as their chief; they are mind-made. If one speaks or acts with a pure
mind, happiness (sukha) follows him like a shadow that never leaves him.
1. Sukham/sukha: in this context, happiness, satifactoriness, fortune, etc.,
and rebirth in the three upper planes of happy existence.
The Story of Matthakundali
While residing at the Jetavana monastery in Savatthi, the Buddha uttered
Verse (2) of this book, with reference to Matthakundali, a young Brahmin.
Matthakundali was a young brahmin, whose father, Adinnapubbaka, was very stingy
and never gave anything in charity. Even the gold ornaments for his only son
were made by himself to save payment for workmanship. When his son fell ill, no
physician was consulted, until it was too late. When he realized that his son
was dying, he had the youth carried outside on to the verandah, so that people
coming to his house would not see his possessions.
On that morning, the Buddha arising early from his deep meditation of
compassion saw, in his Net of Knowledge, Matthakundali lying on the verandah. So
when entering Savatthi for alms-food with his disciples, the Buddha stood near
the door of the brahmin Adinnapubbaka. The Buddha sent forth a ray of light to
attract the attention of the youth, who was facing the interior of the house.
The youth saw the Buddha; and as he was very weak he could only profess his
faith mentally. But that was enough. When he passed away with his heart in
devotion to the Buddha he was reborn in the Tavatimsa celestial world.
From his celestial abode the young Matthakundali, seeing his father mourning
over him at the cemetery, appeared to the old man in the likeness of his old
self. He told his father about his rebirth in the Tavatimsa world and also urged
him to approach and invite the Buddha to a meal. At the house of Adinnapubbaka
the question of whether one could or could not be reborn in a celestial world
simply by mentally professing profound faith in the Buddha, without giving in
charity or observing the moral precepts, was brought up. So the Buddha willed
that Matthakundali should appear in person; Matthakundali soon appeared fully
decked with celestial ornaments and told them about his rebirth in the Tavatimsa
world. Then only, the audience became convinced that the son of the brahmin
Adinnapubbaka by simply devoting his mind to the Buddha had attained much glory.
Then the Buddha spoke in verse as follows:
|Verse 2: All mental phenomena have mind as their forerunner; they
have mind as their chief; they are mind-made. If one speaks or acts
with a pure mind, happiness (sukha) follows him like a shadow
that never leaves him.
At the end of the discourse Matthakundali and his father Adinnapubbaka
attained Sotapatti Magga and Sotapatti Phala. Adinnapubbaka also donated almost
all his wealth to the cause of the Buddha's Teaching.