Dhammapada Verse 416*
Yo'dha tanham pahantvana
tamaham brumi brahmanam.
Verse 416: Him I call a brahmana, who, in this
world, has given up craving, and leaving the home-life has become a bhikkhu; who
has eradicated craving and has come to the end of existence.
The Story of Thera Jotika
While residing at the Veluvana
monastery, the Buddha uttered Verse (416*) of this book, with reference to Thera
Jotika was a famous rich man from
Rajagaha. He lived in a stately mansion with seven tiered pinnacles. There were
seven walls around his mansion, each of which had an entrance guarded by
celestial demons. The fame of his wealth spread far and wide, and many people
came to see his mansion. On one occasion, King Bimbisara came to visit Jotika;
he also brought his son Ajatasattu with him. Ajatasattu seeing the grandeur of
Jotika's mansion vowed that he would not allow Jotika to live in such a
magnificent mansion when he became king. On the king's departure from his house
Jotika presented the king with a large priceless ruby. It was the custom of
Jotika to give presents to all visitors who came to see him.
When Ajatasattu ascended the
throne, after killing his father, he came with his soldiers to take the mansion
of Jotika by force. But as all the gates were well guarded by celestial demons,
Ajatasattu and his soldiers had to retreat. Ajatasattu fled to the Veluvana
monastery and he found Jotika listening to a discourse given by the Buddha.
Seeing Jotika at the feet of the Buddha, Ajatasattu exclaimed, "After
making your guards fight me, you are now pretending to be listening to a
discourse!" Jotika realized that the king had gone to take his place by
force and that he had been compelled to retreat.
In a past existence, Jotika had
made a solemn wish that his property might not be taken away from him against
his wish, and this wish had been fulfilled. So Jotika said to King Ajatasattu,
"O king! My property cannot be taken away against my wish." Saying
this, he stretched out his ten fingers and asked the king to take off the twenty
rings he was wearing on his fingers. The king tried hard to take them off but
did not succeed. Jotika then asked the king to spread out a piece of cloth and
as Jotika put his fingers on to the cloth, all his rings easily slipped off.
After he had given all his rings to King Ajatasattu, Jotika asked the Buddha
that he might be permitted into the Order. Soon after entering the Order, Jotika
One day, when other bhikkhus
asked him whether he had any more craving left in him for his mansion his wealth
and his wife, he answered that he did not have any more craving for them. The
bhikkhus then went to the Buddha and said, "Venerable Sir! Thera Jotika
claims to have attained arahatship; he is telling lies." To them the Buddha
said, "Bhikkhus! Jotika speaks the truth; he does not have any more
craving in him. He is now an arahat."
Then the Buddha spoke in verse as
|Verse 416: Him I call
a brahmana, who, in this world, has given up craving, and leaving the
home-life has become a bhikkhu; who has eradicated craving and has
come to the end of existence.
* Verse 416 have two stories. Read
the Story of Thera Jatila.